withstand resist和withstan

时间:2023-04-25作者:daiit分类:动物浏览:40评论:0

  resist和withstand的区别:中文含义不同、词性不同、用法不同。resist可作名词和动词,含义为“抵制”、“反抗”、“回击”、“忍住”、“使不受…的伤害”、“防染剂”;withstand只作及物动词,含义为“承受”、“顶住”。

  一、resist的含义及用法

  resist可作名词和动词两种词性,意为抵制;阻挡;反抗;回击;抵抗;忍住;抵挡;使不受…的伤害;防染剂;防蚀用涂料;防腐剂。

  例句:They are determined to resist pressure to change the law.

  他们决心顶住要求改革法律的压力。

  He tried to pin me down, but I resisted.

  他试图制伏我,但我奋力反抗。

  I finished the cake. I couldn't resist it .

  我忍不住把整块蛋糕都吃了。

  A healthy diet should help your body resist infection.

  健康饮食有助于身体抗感染。

  It is a war with no holds barred and we must prepare to resist

  这是一场没有规则的战争,我们必须作好抵抗的准备。

  She could not resist the glow of his temperament.

  她不能抵抗他生性的健朗。

  Still, how can you resist a view like that?

  但是谁又能抵挡住这风景的诱惑呢

  At this point, who can resist the temptation of watching?

  在这一点上,谁又能抵挡得住这部剧的魅力呢?

  二、withstand的含义及用法

  withstand作为及物动词,意为承受;抵住;顶住;经受住。

  例句:The materials used have to be able to withstand high temperatures.

  所使用的材料必须能够耐高温。

  The plants were unable to withstand the rigours of a harsh winter.

  这些植物经受不住严冬的考验。

  Their arguments do not withstand the most superficial scrutiny

  他们的论据经不起一点推敲。

  All buildings in that area have been reinforced to withstand typhoons.

  那一地区的所有建筑都已加固,以抵御台风侵袭。

  Like an iron bastion, the dam withstood the rushing floodwaters.

  大坝好似铜墙铁壁,顶住了洪水的冲击。

  As a politician, he is able to withstand public criticism.

  作为一名政治家,他经得住公众批评。